Dermatoglyphics and its Relation with Various Dental Diseases
Background:Role of host genes in the etiopathogenesis of dental(periodontal) diseases have been useful in developing
screening tools for identifying patients who are likely to develop disease. Although periodontal diseases have multifactorial
etiology, their genetic determinants that exist could be suggestive of specific dermatoglyphic patterns for periodontitis.
Hence, the present study was attempted to find if there are any specific fingerprint patterns in dental(periodontal) diseases.
Aim:To compare the fingerprint patterns in generalized chronic periodontitis and generalized chronic gingivitis
patients.Materials and method:Among of 500 subjects, 275 subjects with generalized chronic periodontitis and 225
subjects with generalized chronic gingivitis were included. Fingerprint patterns were recorded by using blue ink. Fingerprint
patterns were analysed manually with illuminated 6X high powered magnifying glass. Obtained data were subjected to
statistical analysis.Results:An increased frequency of radial loop pattern (40%) were found in generalized chronic gingivitis
subject, whereas in generalized chronic periodontitis subject showed higher frequency of ulnar loop (36.36%) and central
pocket whorl pattern (35.27%).Conclusion: Dermatoglyphics could be used together with the other diagnostic aids for
prediction of periodontal diseases.