The Global Environmental Impacts of Palm Oil Biodiesel Production on Global Warming (A Review)
This paper reviews the trends on the impacts of palm oil biodiesel production to the environment, its
constructive carbon balance and the continuity than fossil diesel. The increase in the cultivation in the tropical countries like
Malaysia, Indonesia and many other parts of the world had as well produced environmental problems of global warming
from greenhouse gas emissions (mainly carbon dioxide, methane and water vapour). Many researchesabout the utilisation of
empty fruits bunches, fresh fruit bunches and palm oil mill effluents were carried all to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions
causing the global warming. Palm oil biodiesel is a first generation biodiesel (reducing land and food scarcity). The
processing and usage of palm oil residues many researches to reduce the emissions of greenhouse gases. The palm oil
biodiesel releases only 38% of greenhouse gases, can be degraded easily and its low-temperature behaviour can be enhanced
by blending with petrol diesel e.g. B100, B20 etc. use to reduce the emission of nitrogen oxide as it produces excess of it.
Palm oil biodiesel significantly reduces carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, toxic and other emissions when burned as a fuel
and so far the biggest biofuel and represents 82% of the biofuel production. Biodiesel, been renewable reduces the emissions
of carbon dioxide by 80%.
Keywords— Greenhouse Gases, Pollution, Biofuel, Global Warming.