Municipal Solid Waste Composting - A Review
Generation of municipal solid waste (MSW) continues to rise, which leads to loss of resources and increased
environmental risks. The conventional treatment of wastes such as open dumping and land filling cause environmental
degradation. Since the major fraction of wastes generated in India is organic wastes, composting has emerged as one of the
best methods for treatment of wastes. Composting, besides reducing the volume of waste generated and providing nutrients
for plants, also helps in segregation of waste at source. In this review, we have summarized the different treatments of MSW
and factors affecting composting. Adding additives to the compost have also received much attention in recent years as they
enhance the rate of degradation.
Keywords— Composting, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), Food Wastes, Microorganisms, Additives.