Beetosan/Chitosan From Bees - Preparation And Properties
Nowadays polysaccharides such as chitosan are becoming more and more popular. The main raw material for the
preparation of chitosan is chitin. This organic compound is a fundamental building block of external skeletons of arthropods.
However, due to the growing demand for chitosan (and hence chitin) new sources are sought and this source turn out to be
honeybees. In order to receive chitin from these insects multistage chemical tretment is necessary. An important issue is the
removal from the bodies of bees substances such as waxes, mineral substances, proteins and natural pigments (such as
melanin).The selecting of conditions for each of stages has a significant impact on the quantity and physicochemical
properties of the resulting chitin.
Keywords- Beetosan, chitosan, chitin, deacetylation