Feasibility Study On Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) Cement Board
This paper reports on the preliminary work of non-load bearing wall sample with target density of 300-900kgmˉ³
which are material made from empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber. To gain the desire strength and achieve the density, cement
was added. Combinations of the cement with the EFB fiber were investigated. Samples were dried for 28 days at ambient
temperature after demoulding. A total of 20 specimens of size 300 x 200 x 40mm³ were made using ordinary Portland
cement (OPC) according to ASTM type 1 or MS 522 with palm oil residue waste, EFB fiber. The objective of the study was
to determine the sample strength by compression test, termite, mold and fire. Result showed the compressive strength of the
EFB fiber with cement was 0.195Nmm⁻². The subterranean termites against the material is rejected due to the cement
contain based on the mass loss after test. The mold fungi are not inhabited on the material and the material itself is a fire
retardant. This should be the potential of future wall systems because it is practical to implement in Malaysian as the
alternative solution of green construction culture.
Keywords- EFB Fiber; Insulation; Non-load bearing; Thermal conductivity; Lamda value.