The Relationship between Cognitive Anxiety and Psychological Sport Performances Onparalympic Athletes
Sports psychologists have long believed that high levels of cognitive anxiety during competition are harmful, worsening performance and even leading to dropout. The instrument used for the study comprised of a 27-item Competitive State Anxiety Inventory–2 and The Psychological Performance Inventory which had been distributed during Paralympic sport competition. The sample consisted of 166 athletes, which have been classified into 12 disabled sports, which include Archery (N= 21), Football (N= 21), Chess (N= 18), Swimming (N= 18), Athletics (N= 17), Table Tennis (N= 16), Ping Pong (N= 10), Basketball (N= 10), Power lifting (N= 9), Boccia (N= 14), Goal ball (N= 7) and Volleyball (N= 5). The results showed that swimming athletes exhibited lower levels of cognitive anxiety, F (3, 166) = 14.443, p < .01. The result also showed that the exits of negative correlation between cognitive anxiety and sport performance among athletes, (r = -0.81; p<0.05). Sport psychologists, sport counselors and coaches should use the present findings to recommend coping strategies to athletes that are appropriate for dealing with their athletes’ cognitive anxiety.
Key Words- Cognitive, Psychological Sport Performance, Paralympic athletes.