Health Inequalities in Bulgaria: Geographic Distribution of Health Resourses
The present study aimed to analyze the geographical distribution of physicians as well as nurses/midwives and
patient beds in Bulgaria.Material and methods: The data from NSI Bulgaria about total number of population, doctors,
nurses including midwives and hospital beds were used. The main methods were Gini coefficients and Lorenz curve.Results:
From 2010 to 2017 the population of Bulgaria decreased by 6.06%. In the same period the average number of physicians per
1000 patients was 3.75, for nurses – 6.25 and for hospital beds - 6.33. Using Gini coefficients was found that there is an
unequal geographic distribution and it increases. Conclusions: Misdistribution of health resources may have a negative
impact on health status of population, therefore planning the geographical distribution of health resourses will have to be one
of the most important policy interventions.
Keywords - Geographical distribution,unequally, Gini coefficients, Lorenz curve.